Covering the air-cooled Volkswagen repair information for all Volkswagen Type I (Beetle and Karmann Ghia) models sold in the USA and Canada. This historical archive edition covers procedures for routine maintenance, troubleshooting, repair and rebuilding. Air-cooled Volkswagens (Type 11, 14, 15) covered: Volkswagen Type 11 Beetle Sedan, Volkswagen Type 14 Karmann Ghia Coupe & Volkswagen Type 15 Beetle Convertible. Engines covered in this Volkswagen repair manual: Volkswagen Air-cooled Type 1 “upright” engine 1131cc, 25hp. Volkswagen Air-cooled Type 1 “upright” engine 1192cc, 36hp (from January 1954). Volkswagen Air-cooled Type 1 “upright” engine 1192cc, 36hp (from August 1955). Transmissions covered in this Volkswagen repair manual: Volkswagen Standard with non-synchronized “crash box” transmission. Volkswagen De Luxe with 2nd, 3rd and 4th gear synchronized transmission. Technical highlights: Engine and cylinder head service, repair and reconditioning, including bench testing procedures and specifications for 25hp and 36hp motors. Solex 28 PCI carburetor and Solex fuel pump troubleshooting, rebuilding, and adjustment. Transmission removal, rebuilding, and adjustment, including special needle bearings on synchromesh transmissions. Frame, floor and body panel repair. All measurements and detailed cutting, alignment and welding instrutions. Painting preparation and procedures. Body repair and replacement procedures, including the sliding fabric sunroof and convertible top. Complete wiring diagrams. All factory changes and updates are noted in the text by manufactuing date, chassis number, engine number and part number. Full explanations of the operation of all systems, with exploded views, cutaways and diagrams. Required workshop equipment, tools, and equipment for local manufacture listings. Troubleshooting tables for clutch, carburetor, fuel pump, steering, brakes, generator, starter, and wipers. Maintenance and lubrication charts and procedures.